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17 Property and Construction Terms You Should Know
Like many other sectors, the construction industry has its own jargon. Whether it’s terms in a contract, or vocabulary referencing work on a site, it’s pivotal that anyone in construction is in tune with the vernacular.
There are myriad construction terms that you should know, and be familiar with, as you’re searching for a job in the construction business. If any of these terms come up in an interview, you need to know what they mean. Additionally, if you use them in an interview, you may stand out from the crowd.
Here are just a handful of terms that are absolutely crucial for you to get comfortable using before you step into the market.
1. Base Bid/Bid
A bid is the formal proposal that is made in order to win construction business. A firm makes a bid if they want to be responsible for carrying out or overseeing a project. The base bid is the amount of money the firm states it will charge for the project.
Stands for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. The “R,” which is only sometimes included, is for “refrigeration.” Often, those who work on HVAC-R systems are experts in the field, but all professionals in construction should know what they are and their function.
This structure supports the foundation of a building. It is often made of concrete and rebar and keeps the structure from settling too far into the ground. The size of the footing depends on the soil, the type of structure being built, and the size of the building.
A form of woodworking, casework is the construction of cabinets or furniture casings. Objects like nightstands, bookcases, and various storage implements are created via casework.
5. Punch List
A punch list is composed of all of the tasks that need to be completed on a project. This is typically compiled towards the end of the term, sometimes as the owner/client walks through the near-finished structure.
6. Live Load
Anything that can enter and leave a building, including people, furniture, and even vehicles. The weight of live loads can have a significant impact on the stability of the structure, which is one of the reasons for maximum occupancy calculations.
Stands for “Not In Contract.”
A drawing of a building from the front or side. This is similar to a floor plan, which often shows the space from above. This document will be created by the architect and given to the construction team for reference.
9. Building Line
This is a legal line which no building can extend past. It is set by local governments and is often meant to keep streets uniform.
10. Performance Bond
This bond guarantees that a construction project will be completed in a satisfactory manner. It is often issued by a bank or insurance company, which will see the project to completion if the contractor fails to do so.
Stands for furniture, fixtures, and equipment.
Stands for mechanical, electrical, and plumbing.
The point during a project when almost everything is installed – framing, MEP, and HVAC – except the walls and ceilings. This is when the building inspector will come in and perform their review.
Stands for “verify in field.” This will be found on a document, often in reference to dimensions which need to be confirmed at the site itself.
A beam or beam-like structure that is anchored on only one side of a building or wall. One common example is a balcony.
Stands for Bill of Quantities. It is a list of materials and other expenditures that are used in a construction project.
A material that is mixed with an adhesive (cement, lime, etc.) in order to create either concrete or mortar. It increases the mixture’s volume, stability, and resilience.
If you are looking for a job in construction, take a look at our job postings. If you choose to apply, one of our expert consultants will be in touch with relevant opportunities.